This research is intended to investigate the extent to which the staff of the state organizations of Orumieh develop an intimacy with the Qur’an and its effect on their consumption pattern. To carry out the research, 200 people were selected as the sample group from the statistical population and the extent of intimacy with the Qur’an and its effect on the consumption pattern was measured by means of a researcher-made questionaire and the necessary data were collected. The results obtained from the statistical analysis of the test showed that 1) there is a significant relationship between the intimacy with the Qur’an at high level and the correct consumption pattern people follow as individuals or as members of state organizations, 2) individuals who have an intimacy with the Qur’an at an intermediate level follow the correct consumption pattern individually but this relationship is poor in relation to state consumptions, and 3) the people having an intimacy at lower level do not follow the correct pattern of consumption significantly. Moreover, there is a difference in pattern of consumption between the male and female staff of state organizations who have high or low intimacy with the Qur’an. The result obtained from the research show that the promulgation of the Qur’anic teachings among the staff and the development of their intimacy with the Qur’an will have a considerable effect on individuals’ correct pattern of consumption.
Key words: intimacy with the Qur’an, pattern of consumption, individual consumption, state consumptions, the staff of state organizations, Orumiyeh
The research aims to study the relationship between religiosity and mental disorders(psychopathy)of the students of Azad University of Khorramabad. The sample group was a randomly selected group of 179 university students. The research made use of questionnaire concerning religiosity and mental health. Statistical methods such as multiple correlation coefficient were used to study the relations of predictor and criterion variables. The results showed that there were significant relationships between religiosity and mental disorders. Moreover, the results obtained from the multiple regression analysis showed that the ritual and faith aspects of religiosity have the most significant role in determining mental disorders.
Key words: religiosity, mental disorders, mental health, university students
Mohammad Reda Ahmadi* / Abbas Harati
Making use of survey as a method of research, the present study has been conducted to investigate how computer games have effects on the self-esteem of the third-grade students in the junior high school. The third-grade junior high school students of both sexes in Qom constitute the statistical population of the research. They were studying in the academic year of 86-87. 220 students out of the whole statistical population were selected as the sample group. The result of the research showed that:
The computer games have had negative effects on the family self-esteem and have had no effect on universal self-esteem , social self-esteem and educational self-esteem.
On average, the students who have played computer games exactly 45 minutes or more have had less self-esteem.
Sex (to be male or female) exerts its effect on the relationship between computer games and self-esteem
Key words: self-esteem, computer games, a teenage
The present study investigates whether teaching positive thinking has an effect on the increase in hope for life in widows living in Ahwaz. The sample group was a randomly selected group of 50 people who were divided into two groups: an experimental group and a control group. To collect the data ,Miller’s hopefulness questionaire was used whose coefficient of reliability was measured according to Coronbach α (r =0.91).To analyze the results of the test the researcher used a statistical method called analysis of covariance (of one variable). The significant level α =0.05 was taken into account in order to establish the research hypothesis. Findings of the research show that positive thinking together with what the Qur’an emphasizes on in this regard has brought about an increase in hope for life for the widows living in Ahwaz and the effect of teaching positive thinking ,taking into account the results of the follow-up test, was of necessary stability.
Key words: positive thinking, optimism, hopefulness
The present research was conducted to make a measurement for testing jealousy. The first step was to collect the Islamic doctrines as to the symptoms of jealousy from the Holy Qur’an and traditions (hadiths) in a descriptive manner and the next step was to classify, combine and analyze them and the last step was to make a forty-item test based on the symptoms and the methods used in psychometrics and statistics. The results obtained from the survey in which average 20 persons versed in psychology and Islamic subjects had offered their opinions showed the reliable score of 87.6. The test validity and reliability was established when 353 people as the real examinees took part in the test making use of statistical methods and formulas, especially the computer program SPSS used for statistical analysis. Cronbach’s alfa, spilit-half correlation, correlation of the three cognitive, emotive and behavioral constituents, or the total score in terms of Pearson correlation(r) is above 0.7, which indicates that the test validity is high. The results of the test (T) showed that there is as significant a difference between men and women in the scores for jealousy as there is between the married and unmarried people. The jealousy test is now available to be used and carried out in further researches.
Key words: Islam, jealousy test, validity and reliability
This article seeks to study the relationship between the existential and health anxiety (illness phobia) and the extent to which the three classes of people might be affected: criminals, ordinary people (laymen) and religious people. The method used in this study is a post-event method, comparative method or correlational method. To collect data, the two scales, Good’s existential anxiety scale and Cattell’s anxiety, which are of significant validity and reliability, were used. To analyze the date (variables), Pearson correlation coefficient, the one-way analysis of variance and regression analysis were used.
The findings of the research showed that there was a significant positive correlation between the existential anxiety and health anxiety (also known as illness phobia).The existential anxiety can play a predicting role in the designation of the health anxiety. In comparing the three groups of people: criminals, ordinary people and religious people, it was made clear that significant differences arise as to the extent to which they are affected by the existential anxiety or health anxiety and that one’s religiousness (religiosity)and education play a great part in reducing anxiety, especially the existential anxiety. In the end, one can say that the existential anxiety can be taken as the root and origin of health anxiety. Religious people are less affected by the existential anxiety. In contrast, criminals suffer more from the existential anxiety. This bears evidence to the fact that religious commitment or religiosity has positive and criminality has negative effects as to the increase or decrease in anxiety.
Key words: the existential anxiety, health anxiety, the meaning of life, religiousness, criminality
Translated by: Ahmad Reda Jalili
Apart from the quantitative peculiarities, the present study seeks to deal with not only the analysis of the content but also the mechanisms of internalizing moral values in main psychological approaches. The psychoanalytical approach considers this process as something originated in social pressures for doing the actions which are socially accepted and takes identification and formation of super-ego or the motivation to avoid losing parents’ love as the main mechanism. According to socio-cognitive approach, moral norms are essentially considered to be an external and social phenomenon and among individuals’ actions through such experimental processes as punishment, self-organization, and sympathetic feeling. From the cognitive-developmental viewpoint, moral values is a system of argument in perceiving social relations. The main mechanisms of the very process comprises cognitive conflict, assimilation and accomndation, adaptation and equilibration. The cognitive-emotive approach explains the moral internalization as a change through regulatory techniques, cognitive processing, and individual’s efficient motivation. Although all approaches put emphasis on the interactions of crucial internal and environmental determinants, the extent to which they participate in the process of internalization is different. The psychoanalytical and cognitive-social approaches consider the role of socio-external phenomena more effective and cognitive-developmental and cognitive-emotive approaches give more importance to the internal determinants.
Key words: moral values, internalization, psychological mechanism
Table of Contents
The Psychological Mechanisms of Internalizing Moral Values / Sadiq Karimzadeh 5
Existential Anxiety and Health Anxiety and the Extent to Which the Criminals, Ordinary and Religious People May Be Affected / Mas‛ ud Nooralizadeh Mianeji & Dr. Mas'ud Janizragi.......................................................... 29
The primary jealousy test based on Islamic resources / Abulghasem Valizadeh & Mas‛ ud Azarbayjani 45
A Glance at Positive Thinking and the Way it Affects toincrease the Hope for Life In Widows living in Ahwaz; with the Emphasis on the Qur’anic Teachings / Neda Ebadi / Alinaqi Faqihi....................................................... 61
The effect of Computer Games on Self steem / Mohammad Reda Ahmadi / Abas Harati 75
An Investigation into the Relationship between Religiosity and Mental Disorders of the University Students of Khorramabad Azad University / Zabihollah Bahrami Chegeni............................................................................. 91
The Relationship between the Extent to Which the Personnel of State Organizations in Orumieh Develop an Intimacy with the Qur’an and Its Effects on Their Consumption Pattern / Ali Khademi.................................... 103
Concessionary: Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
Manager: Mohammad Naser Saqaie Bi-Ria
Editor in chief:Mohammad Reza Ahmadi
Executive manager: Mahdi Dehghan
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Mohammad Reza Ahmadi: Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Ali Reza Arafi: Head of Research center of the seminary and university
ª Dr. Qulam Ali Afruz: Professor, Tehran University
ª Dr. Muhammad Karim Khoda panahi: Professor, Beheshti University
ª Dr. Parirukh Dadsetan: Professor, Tehran University
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Dr. M. J. Zarean: Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Dr. N.Saghaye Biria: Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Dr. Abas Ali Shameli: Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Seyyid Muhammad Qaravi: Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Dr. Ali Fathi Ashtiani: Professor, Baqiat Allah Medical University
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* M.A. in Psychology
* Faculty Memberm, Khorram Abad Azad University.
* Assistant Propessor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
* * M.A. in Psychology.
* Assistant Propessor, Qum University
* M.A.student in Psychology.
** Assistant Propessor, Hawzeh and University Research Center
* M.A. student in Psychology.
* Assistant Propessor, Hawzeh and University Research Center
* Ph. student. in Psychology.