The Otherworldly Beliefs and Their Relation to Mental Health
Abul Fazl Ipahimi
(M.A. student of clinical psychology, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute)
Religion as one of the main factors in human life has been the subject of many studies and researches, especially on psychological concepts. Since religious teachings have come down from human's Creator, who knows what are expedient and beneficial to him, utilizing them will contribute much to the psychology. One of the important subjects in psychology is the human's mental health, and the Islamic teachings in this field can provide better solutions for this scientific discipline.
The present paper tries to study the relation between one of the fundamental sections of religion, i.e. otherworldliness, and mental health. To do so, it first gives a general explanation of these two conceptions, and then presents a theoretical explanation of their relationship. This discussion can be used as a prelude to field studies and empirical researches.
KEY WORDS: otherworldliness, belief in resurrection, mental health, mental well-being.
The Relationship of Religious Orientation with Psychological Disorders and Educational Achievement
(M.A. in clinical psychology of Free Islamic University – Research and Technology Unit)
This research was conducted under the title of: “study of the relationship of religious orientation and psychological disorders and educational achievement in students of Free Islamic and Payam-e Nur Universities of Marand”. The population of the research consisted of 7500 students in these universities; of these, 350 were selected by cluster sampling. The research method was descriptive and of correlation type. To gather data, the questionnaires of “religious attitude and belief” and “SCL-90-R questionnaire of psychological disorders” were used. To measure their educational achievement, the averages of Student's last scores were used. After data-gathering, descriptive statistics (mode mean, median, table and diagram) were used to describe data, and inferential statistics (correlation, T-test) were used for analyzing data.
Analysis of results supported the 12 hypotheses of the research. The relation between religious orientation and psychological disorder was negative at level of P<0.01. This was the same in all nine subscales of psychological disorder test. As for the relation between variables of educational achievement and religious orientation, the result was positive at level of P<0.01. As for the relationship between psychological disorder and educational achievement, this was negative at level of P<0.01. KEY WORDS: student, educational achievement, religious orientation, psychological disorders.
The Efficiency of Family and Children's General Health
Yahya Araqi (Tenure professor in Azad Islamic Unversity – Shabestar)
The present study investigates the relation between the effeciency of family and the children's general health. The variables studied include: the efficiency of the family and Subscales (problem-solving, relation, roles, emotioanl interaction, emotional association, and behavioral control) as well as general health and its subscales (physical symptoms, social function, stress and depression). The study sample consisted of 470 male B.A students. from 19 to 25 years old, evaluated through a simple sampling method using F.A.D and G.H.Q questionnairs. The reasearch method was correlational. To analyze data, the statistical method of Pearson’s Correslation Quefficient was used.
Calculation of Pearson’s Correslation Quefficient shows a direct and significant relationship between F.A.D and G.H.Q scores on level p<0/001. The other findings also show a significant relationship at level of p<0/001 between the efficiency of family and the general health of its memebers on one hand and the parent’s economic status on the other.
KEY WORDS: the efficiency of the familiy, general health, students.
A Comparison between the Effects of Religious Orientation and Demographic Factors on Mental Health
Ramin Tabarraie (M.A. of clinical psychology, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute)
Dr. Ali Fathi Ashtiani (Research advisor and professor of Baqiyyat-Allah Medical University, The Research Center for Behavioral Sciences)
Dr. Kazem Rasoul Zade Tabatabaie (Resaech advisor and professor of psychology department in College of Humanities / Tehran Tarbiat Modarress University)
This research aims at studying the effect of religious orientation on mental health and its dimensions, and comparing compared to the effect of other demographic factors. To test the hypothesis, 382 teachers from two retraining centers for teachers in Tehran were selected randomly as the available sample. All subjects answered two questionnaires: “the GHQ-28 questionnaire for measuring general health” and “the measure of religious orientation”. Both measures enjoy an appropriate validity. Then the data were analyzed using Pearson’s Correlation, Statistical T-test and the Multi-variable Regression Analysis method. The results showed that among all main vari ables and the related demographic ones, only the variable of religious orientation is the most appropriate variable for predicting general well-being and mental health of the subjects.
KEY WORDS: religious orientation, mental health, demographic factors, teachers.
Translated by: Seyyed Rahim Rastitabar
Religion and Mental Health (3)
(Tenure Professor in Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute)
This paper is the third part of our discussion aimed at explaining the methods of providing mental health in religion. In the first part, the nature of mental health in different psychological schools and in Islam was studied. Then some of the factors of mental health attended to by western thinkers were presented from an Islamic viewpoint. In the previous part, from other factors provided in the light of Islam, four parameters were discussed: 1. stability of personality; 2. self-actualization; 3. harmony of insight, attitude and action; 4. mental peace and anxiety removal. Then, from Islamic methods of achieving mental peace, those methods pertaining to mind and insight were mentioned, such as promoting knowledge and preventing disturbance of insight; filling cognitive gaps; belief in God; developiny of a divine insight preserving and enhancing it gradually; and the revival of innate nature. In this part, as the role of the following methods Islamic methods for realizing mental peace, will be discussed: attitudinal and functional methods, reducing worldly attachments, normal behavioral teachings, penitence, reducing the feeling of remorse for past actions, reinforcing one’s will for giving up wrong deeds.
Key words: religion, mental health, mental peace, desires and behavior.
Vol. 1, No.3 , Fall 2009
Concessionary: Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
Manager: Naser Saqaie Bi-Ria
Editor in chief: Abul-Qasem Bashiri
Executive manager: Ipahim Akhavi
Editor: Zulfaqar Naseri
Authors (in alphabetic order):
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Ali Reza Arafi Head of Research center of the seminary and university
ª Dr. Qulam Ali Afruz Professor, Tehran University
ª Dr. Muhammad Karim Khoda panahi Professor, Beheshti University
ª Dr. Parirukh Dadsetan Professor, Tehran University
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Dr. M. J. Zarean Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Dr. N.Saqaie Bi-Ria Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Dr. Abas Ali Shameli Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Seyyid Muhammad Qaravi Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Dr. Ali Fathi Ashtiani Professor, Baqiat Allah Medical University
The contributors in this issue:
ª Muhammad Reza Ahmadi Faculty Member, Imam Khomeini Educational & Research Institute
ª D.r Masoud Janbozorgi Associate Professor, Shahid Beheshti University
ª Muhammad Dolatkhah Faculty Member, Imam Khomeini Educational & Research Institute
ª Seyyid Sadiq Musavinasb Faculty Member, Imam Khomeini Educational & Research Institute
ª Rahim Narooie Faculty Member, Imam Khomeini Educational & Research Institute
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