Worthington, E. l., Jr., Ripley, J. S., miller, A, j., Hook, j, N, The hope-focused approach to couple therapy and enrichment, Journal of psychology and Christianity, 2, 2007, 132-139.
Young, Mark E & Long, Lynnl, Counseling and Therapy for Couples. poosklcole publishing company, 1998.
Investigating the effect of Group Consultation Based on Forgiveness on Marital Consent
Forgiveness is a subject that has recently become focus of attention in psychology literature. However, few empirical researches have been conducted on this subject. The present study aims at investigating the effect of group couple therapy based on forgiveness on marital consent. The research method was experimental with a mixed design (inter and intra group). The research tools were as follows: (a) the scale for marital consent (Enrich) used as a valid research tool for evaluating potential problematic or strengthening backgrounds for marital relation, and (b) the scale for forgiveness, designed for assessing the level of forgiving the wrongdoer. The research sample composed of ten couples selected from among the indiviّduals referring to the consultation center. Five couples were randomly placed in experiment group and five others in control group. They were taught the forgiving skills for twenty hours. Analysis of variance showed that the experiment group, compared to control group, had a meaningful progress both in marital consent and in the forgiving skill, in the follow-up stage.
KEY WORDS: forgiveness, marital consent, group consultation
Investigating the Effect of Religious Teachings on Raising Behavioral Consonance with Parents in Nursery Schools under Welfare Office of Mazandaran
Sayyida Zainab Taqawi* / Dawoud Sattar-zade**
The present study aims at investigating the effect of religious teachings in preschool period. It used experimental method, and the results obtained from a researcher-made test conducted before and after teaching children, in experiment and control groups each with 50 subjects, were compared. Multiphase cluster sampling was used in this study. To do so, Mazandaran was divided into three regions, i.e. eastern, western and central, and two nursery schools were selected for each cluster, one as the control group and the other as the experiment group. The results show that religious teachings have meaningful effect on children's familiarity with religious concepts, religious rites, religious places, and their behavioral consonance with their parents.
KEY WORDS: religious teachings, childhood, behavioral consonance with parents, religious concepts, religious issues, religious rites, religious places
Unadaptable Thoughts and Negative Behaviors
Thought has a special status as the infrastructure of human behavior; to reinforce and reform behavior and identify its defects, it is necessary to identify thoughts. In view of the fact that thought is considered to be a formative, essential and useful axis, the present study poses the following question: 'Can we evaluate any thought as useful and formative, or there are also destructive and harmful thoughts that we must identify them and control their interference in the process of thinking?' The present study uses an analytical and descriptive method based on religious and psychological sources. It aims at investigating harmful and maleficent thoughts, such as closed thought, superstitious thought, and negative thoughts and mentalities called 'unadaptable thoughts'. The results show that unadaptable thoughts distance human being from the reality in the world, lead him astray, and become a mirage endangering him. Thus, we must defy emergence and survival of such thoughts. Methods for confronting disturbing thoughts depend on the type of the thought and a comparison of rational and irrational beliefs removable or controllable by concentrating on strong points.
KEY WORDS: thought, closed thought, negative thought, superstitious thought, unadaptability
Investigating the Relationship of Piety and Death Anxiety among Seminary and University Students in Qom City
Sayyid Hussein Ulya-Nasab*
The present study deals with an investigation of the relationship between attachment to God and level of death anxiety among students of Qom seminary and Islamic Azad University. To conduct the study, 342 students of both centers were selected through cluster random sampling. After conducting the tests of attachment to God (Rwat and Kirkpatrick, 2002) and death anxiety (Templer, 1970), the obtained result showed that death anxiety had a meaningful negative relationship with safe attachment to God, and that death anxiety was reduced with an increase in safe attachment to God. Conversely, there was a meaningful positive relationship between the attachment to God of avoiding and mutual type and death anxiety. Therefore, it may be claimed that safe attachment to God is effective in controlling some mental problems such as death anxiety and those diseases related to it anyway.
KEY WORDS: death anxiety, attachment to God
The Role of Muharram Mourning Ceremonies
in Students' Sexual Abstinence
The present study is investigating the role of Muharram mourning in sexual abstinence of male students in Tehran universities in 1387-88 through a half-experimental method. The subjects were 104 male students in Tehran universities in 1378-88, selected as available sample. Half of the subjects were those who had participated in Muharram mourning ceremonies for two succeeding years. In this study, the questionnaire of sexual abstinence was conducted in two phases with an interval of one month (10 days before Muharram and 20th of Muharram). To control the interfering variables, another group (52 subjects) who were not resolved to take part in Muharram ceremonies and were negligent of those ceremonies in previous years were selected as the control group. The data were analyzed through dependent T-test and One-way Analysis of Variance. The results showed that the scores of sexual abstinence for the experimental group in post-test were meaningfully higher than their scores in pre-test. Such a meaningful difference was not observed in the control group.
KEY WORDS: mourning, Muharram, sexual abstinence, spirituality, piety
The Relationship between Religious Orientation and Self-control
Hamid Rafie Honar* / Masoud Janbozorgi**
The present study aims at an investigation of the relationship between Islamic-religious
orientation with its factors and self-control among men and women as well as the relationship between these factors and the economic and social level. To conduct the study, 120 students were selected randomly and answered two questionnaires of Islamic- religious orientation and self-control. Data analysis using Pearson's Coefficient Test, Independent T-test and One-way Analysis of Variance showed a meaningful relationship between the factors of religious orientation and morality on the one hand, and self-control on the other. In the male group (unlike females) there was a meaningful relationship between factors of beliefs-rites and self-control. On the other hand, there was a meaningful difference between the mean of religious orientation and the factor of morality in two groups of high and low self-control; there was no meaningful difference, however, as to the factor of beliefs- rites. There was no meaningful difference between economical levels of families as to the subjects' religious orientations. There was, however, a meaningful difference between these levels as to the mean of self-control. Therefore, the higher the religious score of the subjects was, the higher their score on self-control was. The more their commitment to morality was, the higher their ability in self-control was; and the higher the men's commitment to Islamic beliefs-rites was, the higher their self-control was. On the other hand, those with higher self-control, in contrast to those with a lower self-control, showed a higher level of religious orientation, and there was no change in the individuals' level of piety with a change in their economic level.
KEY WORDS: religious orientation, morality, beliefs-rites, self-control
Studying the Status of "Spirituality"
in Major Models of Mental Health
The present article deals firstly with three previous models of 'health', challenged by emergence of a crisis in the sphere of health. The emergence of crises represent the proper time for coming to more advanced models of 'health'. Theoretical models of mental health, always ancillary to theoretical models of health, are also insufficient in explaining the related facts. Therefore, the scientific trend of psychology, with its negligence of spiritual dimensions in previous models of metal health, has been unable to be sufficient for describing, explaining and resolving the crises of mental health. Accordingly, it is necessary to establish a model with a consideration of spiritual dimensions. Of course, avoiding eclecticism and application of non-homogenous constructs inconsistent with spiritual dimensions, and paying attention to substantial difference between conceptions of 'soul', 'self', and 'spirit' are necessary.
KEY WORDS: health models, models of mental health, spirituality, the bio-psycho-social model
Table of Contents
Studying the Status of "Spirituality" in Major Models of Mental Health / Ramin Tabarraie 5
The Relationship between Religious Orientation and Self-control / Hamid Rafie Honar / Masoud Janbozorgi 31
The Role of Muharram Mourning Ceremonies in Students' Sexual Abstinence / Nasir Abedini 43
Investigating the Relationship of Piety and Death Anxiety among Seminary and University Students in Qom City / Sayyid Hussein Ulya-Nasab 55
Unadaptable Thoughts and Negative Behaviors / Ali Hussein-zade 69
Investigating the Effect of Religious Teachings on Raising \Behavioral Consonance with Parents in Nursery Schools under Welfare Office of Mazandaran / Sayyida Zainab Taqawi / Dawoud Sattar-zade 95
Investigating the effect of Group Consultation Based on Forgiveness on Marital Consent / Rahim Hamidi-pur 107
In the name of Allah
Concessionary: Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
Manager: Mohammad Naser Saqaie Bi-Ria
Editor in chief:Mohammad Reza Ahmadi
Executive manager: Mahdi Dehghan
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Mohammad Reza Ahmadi: Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Ali Reza Arafi: Head of Research center of the seminary and university
ª Dr. Qulam Ali Afruz: Professor, Tehran University
ª Dr. Muhammad Karim Khoda panahi: Professor, Beheshti University
ª Dr. Parirukh Dadsetan: Professor, Tehran University
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Dr. M. J. Zarean: Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Dr. N.Saghaye Biria: Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Dr. Abas Ali Shameli: Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Hujjat-ul Islam Seyyid Muhammad Qaravi: Associate Professor, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
ª Dr. Ali Fathi Ashtiani: Professor, Baqiat Allah Medical University
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